Basilica di Sant'Ambrogio (Piazza Sant'Ambrogio - MM2 Sant'Ambrogio)
In the square of the same name, it represents sixteen centuries of history. It is both the queen and the mother of all the Lombard churches. Founded in A.D. 379 as a basilica martyrum over the moral remains of Saints Gervase and Protase, the church was dedicated to Saint Ambrose when, as bishop of Milan, he expired and was buried here in the year 397.
Its original Romanesque form, which over the centuries was distorted by numerous restructurings, was restored in the second half of the nineteenth century during the Austrian domination. Badly damaged during the bombardments of 1943, the Basilica was again restored so acquiring its modern aspect.
Under the arcade of the Canonica is the entrance to the museum where the objects of the history of the Basilica are exhibited: marbles, materials, mosaics, paintings, jewellery, tapestries.
Santa Maria delle Grazie (Piazza S. Maria delle Grazie - MM1 Cadorna / Conciliazione)
The building of this charming church, in which the gothic sand renaissance styles live in perfect harmony, was begun in 1466 and ended in 1490. The design was by Guiniforte Solari. Between 1558 and 1782 the court of the Inquisition was located in this church.
The interior is formed of three aisles divided by wide arches; square-shaped chapels open out from the side aisles. On the right side of the chapel is the refectory where between 1495 and 1498, Leonardo painted the "Last Supper", one of the great masterpieces of painting in the history of art.
Cenacolo - The Last Supper (Piazza S. Maria della Grazie - MM1 Cadorna / Conciliazione)
It is one of the most dramatic episodes in the gospel accounts of Christ's life. Jesus and his discipline went to Jerusalem to celebrate Passover. As he dined with them, he had a premonition of his imminent arrest and execution: "One of you will betray me". He blessed the wine and bread, ate with his disciples and said to them: Do this in remembrance of me".
The last supper fresco has just been restored (in 1999), after it had already been cleaned in 1953 following the bombardments of the II world war. Advance booking is obligatory: places are limited (booking line: 02 89421146). Open Tuesday - Sunday 8.15 am - 6.45 pm.
Sant'Eustorgio (Piazza S. Eustorgio)
One of the most famous medieval monuments of Milan, whose construction in Romanesque style probably began in the XI Century on a pre-existing structure. In 1164 the Basilica was damaged by Frederick Barbarossa. The bell-tower of the Basilica, erected in the XIII century, is the tallest of Milan. Inside is the famous Portinari Chapel, built in the early renaissance period by Michelozzi, with the pulpit from which Peter Martyr preached. At the centre of the chapel, we can admire the famous "Ark of St. Peter Martyr" by Giovanni Balduccio from Pisa, which contains the remains of the Saint.
San Lorenzo alle Colonne
It is the most famous early Christian monument of Milan. In front of the Basilica, we can admire 16 Roman columns of the Imperial age which stand in the huge arcaded court in front of the facade. In the square, between the columns and the Church, there is the bronze statue of the emperor Constantine who in 313, in Milan, issued the edict that granted freedom of worship to the Christians. Inside the Basilica, which has a circular layout, there is the chapel of St. Aquilinus with its important mosaics.