Ambassador Roberto Toscano is currently Senior Associate Research Fellow, Barcelona Center for International Affairs (CIDOB). As a career diplomat, he has been Second Secretary in Santiago (1971-1974), First Secretary in Moscow (1975-1979), Counselor in Madrid (1983-1987), Minister Counselor in Washington (1988-1991), Deputy Permanent Representative at the Italian Mission to UN/Geneva (1994-1999), with special focus on human rights and humanitarian issues, Ambassador to Iran (2003-2008) and Ambassador to India (2008-2010).
He has been Visiting Professor of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the University of Pisa (1996-1997); Visiting Professor of International Relations at the Libera Universita' Internazionale di Studi Sociali – LUISS, Rome (2000-2003) and Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars,Washington, DC (January-June 2011).
He holds a degree in law from the University of Parma and an M.A. from the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University, which he attended as a Fulbright fellow. In 1987-1988 he was a Fellow at the Center for International Affairs of Harvard University.
He is the author of books and articles (on human rights, peacekeeping, conflict prevention, ethics and international relations) published in Italy, the U.S., France and Spain. Among them: Il volto del nemico: la sfida dell'etica nelle relazioni internazionali (The Face of the Enemy: The Challenge of Ethics in International Relations), Guerini Editore, Milano, 2000; Between Terrorism and Global Governance. Essays On Ethics, Violence and International Law, Har-Anand Publications, New Delhi 2009.